The Education Institute at Texas State University-San Marcos, under contract with the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB), conducted a study to identify local adult education program best practices for facilitating the successful transition of adult basic education (ABE), English as a Second Language (ESL), and adult secondary education (ASE) students into postsecondary education programs. Little statewide research has been published about best practices with this population in Texas, and this study sought to address those gaps. The researchers conducted a national and state literature review, convened a statewide summit focus group of adult education providers, developed and administered a statewide electronic survey of Texas adult education providers, and carried out site visits to community colleges’ ABE programs. The researchers then used that cumulative evidence to draw conclusions and make recommendations to the THECB and Texas ABE practitioners. Phase two of this research project focused on practitioners. The purpose of the study was to develop a deeper understanding of what college readiness entails, and how professional development based on College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS) may be used to guide how programs bring students to college readiness and help the students transition to and succeed in post secondary education.